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J Radiat Prot > Volume 1(1); > Article
고(高) 에너지 전자선(電子線) 치료시(治療時) 체내(體內) 공동(空洞)으로 인(因)한 선량분포(線量分布)의 변동(變動)
추성실, 이도행, 최병숙
연세대학교 의과대학 방사선과학교실
Perturbation of Dose Distributions for Air Cavities in Tissue by High Energy Electron
S.S Chu, D.H Lee, B.S Choi
Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Yonsei University, College of Medicine
Correspondence  S.S Chu ,Email: haneunok@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
The perturbation of dose distribution adjacent to cavities in high energy electron has shown that the percentage of dose increase varies markedly as a function of the build-up layer, the length and thickness of the cavities, and the electron energy. The dose distribution showed that cavities similar in size to those encountered in the head and neck measured by industrial film dosimetry and corrected by ionization chambers. The most increased doses by measuring are resulted in a localized dose of up to 130% of that measured at the depth of maximum dose within a homogeneous tissue equivalent phantom. The measured values and correction factors of dose perturbation due to air cavities showed in diagrams and would be summarized as follows. 1. In 8-12 MeV electron beams, the most marked dose is observed when the build-up layer thickness is 0.5cm and cavity volume is 0.5 cm cavity volume is 2ⅹ2ⅹ cm3. 2. The highest dose point is located under cavity when the energy is increased and cavity length is longer. 3. The cavity length at which the maximum percentage dose occurs decreases with increasing energy. 4. The highest percentage cavity doses are obtained when the energy is high, the build-up layer is thin, the thickness of the cavity is large, and the length of the cavity is approximately 1 to 3cm. 5. The doses of upper portion of cavity are less than the standard dose distribution as 5 to 10%. 6. The maximum range of electron beam are extended as much as thickness of cavity. 7. A cavity having a length of 5cm closely approximates a cavity of infinite length.
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