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J Radiat Prot > Volume 23(4); 1998 > Article
Journal of Radiation Protection 1998;23(4):211-0.
방사성물질의 분포특성에 따른 외부 감마피폭해석
Analysis of the Distributional Effects of Radioactive Materials on External Gamma Exposure
Han, Moon-Hee;Kim, Eun-Han;Suh, Kyung-Suk;Hwang, Won-Tae;Choi, Young-Gil;
The distributional effects of radioactive materials on external gamma exposure have been analyzed. An approximate method for estimating external gamma dose given from an arbitrary distribution of radioactive material has been developed. The minimum gamma exposure given from a point source is shown at 0.07 MeV if the source to receptor distance is shorter than 10 m. But if the receptor to point source distance is longer than 20 m, gamma exposure rate increases monotonously according to the average gamma energy. For the analysis of the effects of volume source, we estimated the gamma dose given from different size of hemisphere in which radioactive materials are distributed uniformly. When the radius of hemisphere is longer than 40 m, external gamma dose rate increases monotonously. The gamma dose rate given from the radioactive materials deposited on the ground shows the minimum value at 0.07 MeV in any case. The analysis shows that external gamma exposure is strongly dependent on the distribution of radioactive materials in the environment and gamma energy.
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